Valjevo is a city in western Serbia and sits along the River Kolubara. The city is located about 100 kilometers from Belgrade and lies in very close proximity to important traffic arteries such as the Ibar Highway. The Belgrade Bar Railway also passes through Valjevo, connecting Belgrade with the Adriatic Sea and Montenegro.
In Petnica, nearby Valjevo, scientists discovered the first Neolithic habitat from Serbia that shows to be more than 6,000 years old. During ancient Roman days, the city was part of the province of Moesia. The first mention of Valjevo as a city was in 1393 and it was noted to be a staging post on a trade route connecting Belgrade to Bosnia. During the 16th and 17th centuries, the city was under Ottoman rule.
During the early years of the 19th century, Valjevo began to transform with the rest of the Serbian territories. The Serbian revolution against the Turks saw battles in Valjevo and in fact, one of the very reasons for the revolution happened in the city. When Aleska Nenadovic and Ilija Bircanin, knights of the region, were killed by Turkish soldiers, revolution began.
During the 20th century, Valjevo became a populated and important cultural and industrial center. During World War I a hospital was set up in Valjevo for wounded soldiers and after the destruction suffered during World War II, the town was rebuilt and today thrives as a popular vacation destination for many around the world.
The National Museum found in Valjevo holds remnants of the First and Second Serbian uprisings. The town also has various historical archives as well as a cultural center with seating for more than 600, a youth center with exhibitions and a workshop for the Serbian language and culture.
The Valjevo Mountains offer gently rolling hills and surround the city with a host of wildlife, forests and other natural elements. The environment is kept clean from industrialization and many visit the region simply to enjoy its clean air and medicinal qualities. Various spas are located in the region as well and many attribute their popularity to the clean, fresh air of the region. Divcibare has an air spa that offers beneficial effects to the lungs due to the maritime, Panonian and Carpathian climates. Picnic areas and mountain lodges are abundant and many visitors come simply to enjoy the naturalization of the region.
The canyon of Gradac River ends in the town center of Valjevo and is a favored picnic area. The river itself is one of the cleanest in Europe and old water mills are found abundantly along its shores. Just 5 kilometers from Valjevo in Petnica, visitors can enjoy the Science Center as well as many outdoor activities. Those visiting the city for the first time are sure to enjoy the Nenadovic Tower which was originally built as an armory by Jakov Nenadovic in 1813. The construction material is stone that has been dated back for centuries and the tower was used as a prison during Ottoman rule.
Category: Cities and Municipalities